Just outside of St Petersburg is the city of Pushkin which is named after Russia’s favourite poet who studied as a child in the city. However back then the city was known as Tsarskoe Selo, and today it is often referred to by its old name, especially in tourist guides and excursions. Tsarskoe Selo was home to the tsars’ summer residence at the Catherine Palace or the Alexander Palace. During the Second World War the city was occupied by the Nazis and the palaces were ransacked; the famous Amber Room in the Catherine Palace was looted, never to be found. Today the Catherine Palace has been completely restored, with work is continuing on the Alexander Palace. Both palaces and the historical centre are protected by UNESCO. In addition to the palaces, Pushkin is also famous for the lyceum where its namesake studied, which is now a museum.