Coat of arms



Kaluga is called the Cradle of Cosmonautics due to its links with the scientist Konstantin Tsiolkovsky - one of the founding fathers of Russian cosmonautics - and many of its main sights are connected with this. You can visit Kaluga as a day trip from Moscow or combine it with travelling around other cities of the Kaluga Region.


Basic facts
Name in Russian Калуга
Status City-municipality and administrative centre of the Kaluga Region
Location On the River Oka
Distance 160km south-west of Moscow
Time Zone Moscow Time
Population 334,191 people (2014)
First Mentioned 1371
City Day Second Sunday in September
Official Website

Top recommendations in Kaluga

  • Konstantin Tsiolkovsky

    Visit the Museum of Cosmonautics and the Konstantin Tsiolkovsky House-Museum to learn about the great scientist, his work and his connection with Kaluga.

  • Historical Centre

    Walk around the historic centre near the Berezuisky Ravine and the Golden Alley where many old buildings have been preserved.

  • Ulitsa Kirov

    Walk along Ulitsa Kirov to see some of the city's churches and interesting monuments.