Chechnya is the homeland of the Chechens who refer to themselves as the Vainakhs, speak Chechen (a language of the North Caucasian language family) and are predominantly Muslim. The republic has the misfortune of being mainly associated with the two bloody separatist wars which were fought here with Russia after the dissolution of the Soviet Union. Russian control has since been firmly established which has seen much of the republic, including its capital Grozny, being fully rebuilt.
Grozny is now home to Grozny-City Towers and the Heart of Chechnya Mosque, which is one of the biggest mosques in Russia and modelled on the Sultan Ahmed Mosque in Istanbul
Several Western governments advise against all travel to the republic due to safety concerns and risks of terrorism.