Kaluga is called the Cradle of Cosmonautics due to its links with the scientist Konstantin Tsiolkovsky - one of the founding fathers of Russian cosmonautics - and many of its main sights are connected with this. You can visit Kaluga as a day trip from Moscow or combine it with travelling around other cities of the Kaluga Region.
|Name in Russian||Калуга|
|Status||City-municipality and administrative centre of the Kaluga Region|
|Location||On the River Oka|
|Distance||160km south-west of Moscow|
|Time Zone||Moscow Time|
|Population||334,191 people (2014)|
|City Day||Second Sunday in September|
Top recommendations in Kaluga
Visit the Museum of Cosmonautics and the Konstantin Tsiolkovsky House-Museum to learn about the great scientist, his work and his connection with Kaluga.
Walk around the historic centre near the Berezuisky Ravine and the Golden Alley where many old buildings have been preserved.
Walk along Ulitsa Kirov to see some of the city's churches and interesting monuments.